Temperatures have plummeted, watch out for pediatric flu!
一些传染性极强的疾病也进入高发期。 In the winter and spring seasons, the temperature changes suddenly, and some highly contagious diseases have also entered a high incidence period.
Recently, "chickenpox" and "flu" broke out in Wenzhou at the same time. 我市今年11月份以来水痘发病率较去年同期上升91.13%，尤其是12月份发病率较去年同期增加1.35倍，70.14%的病例为学生。 Wenzhou City Center for Disease Control and Prevention announced that the incidence of chickenpox in our city since November this year has increased by 91.13% over the same period last year, especially in December, the incidence has increased by 1.35 times compared with the same period last year, and 70.14% of cases are students. Parents, please pay attention and do a good job in epidemic prevention.
我院儿科患者数量剧增， 近期更是出现一些幼托、中小学班级学生群体发病甚至停课，并呈现愈演愈烈的态势。 Because the baby's immunity is low and respiratory diseases can not be ignored, the number of pediatric patients in our hospital has increased sharply. Recently , some kindergarten, primary and secondary school student groups have become ill or even suspended, and they are getting worse. -- 流感，在冬日喧闹的儿科门诊，扮演了一个举足轻重的角色！ Among the many pediatric consultations, an uninvited guest , flu, played a pivotal role in the noisy pediatric clinic in winter! The following editors share common knowledge and preventive measures against influenza.
What is the flu?
Influenza, or influenza, is an acute febrile respiratory infection caused by an influenza virus. Mainly manifested as sudden fever (may be accompanied by chills), flu-like symptoms such as general soreness, muscle pain, cough, fatigue, headache and dizziness. The flu has brothers A, B, and C. Big Brother and Second Brother-Influenza A and B are the most common. The H7N9 influenza we often hear is a member of the influenza A family. Every year, small mutations in the flu virus begin to cause trouble.
How did you get the flu?
Influenza is highly contagious, and it may be transmitted through handshake or direct contact or droplets formed when sneezing or coughing. Items such as tissues that come into contact with body fluids in patients' noses or throats may also be infected.
What does the flu do?
1. Elderly children and school-age children mostly behave similarly to adults: fast onset, high fever (temperature can quickly rise to 39-40 ° C) accompanied by chills, chills, headaches, sore muscles in the extremities, sore throat, and dumb throat , Dry cough, etc., prone to stomach pain, bloating or diarrhea, etc., may even be mistaken for "eat bad stomach, food poisoning", but observe that adults or classmates around usually have similar symptoms, and winter food poisoning is rare. Among them, the characteristics of childhood influenza are more likely to cause myositis than adults, and the more typical manifestation is "calf and belly" pain.
2. Infants and young children have poor ability to express complaints, and their performance is similar to other common respiratory virus infections in the current season, which is difficult to distinguish. However, it is usually found that family members suffer from a "cold" together, and have the characteristics of similar symptoms before and after a large family. Infants and young children progress rapidly, and due to narrowing of the airways, laryngitis is likely to occur after infection (severe cases can cause laryngeal obstruction) Complications such as pneumonia (prone to sputum obstruction).
3. Infants born less than 6 months old have less incidence due to the presence of maternal antibodies. However, if the mother does not have immunity to the current influenza virus strain, the child will behave like sepsis after infection: severe systemic symptoms, less eating and less movement, lethargy all day, and severe consequences such as respiratory arrest may occur. Therefore, under normal circumstances, small babies are not easy to get sick, but they must see a doctor immediately if they get sick.
The deputy chief physician of Pediatrics Jin Dinghao of the Pediatrics of Yueqing Maternal and Child Health Hospital suggested that parents should pay more attention to distinguishing the symptoms, not all colds can be “resisted and passed,” such as children with high fever, breathing difficulties or thick sputum and cough Seek medical attention immediately without delay.
How to prevent flu
As influenza is a viral infectious disease, which is transmitted mainly through the patient's speech, sputum, and sneezing droplets, there are currently no effective treatments, so precautionary measures are very important.
During the flu season, children avoid going to crowded and poorly ventilated public places. At the same time, pay attention to opening the window several times a day at home to keep the indoor air fresh.
生禽、畜肉和鸡蛋等一定要烧熟煮透 。 The virus can survive for 3 hours in the place touched by the patient's hand. Baby's clothes should be washed and sun-dried. At the same time, the baby should develop a good habit of washing hands before and after meals. In addition, the domestic poultry, animal meat and eggs must be burned Cook thoroughly .
Drinking plenty of water properly can keep the mucous membranes in the mouth and nasal cavity moist, effectively play a role in removing bacteria and viruses, and prevent the occurrence of dehydration.
Ensuring that your baby is getting enough sleep and exercising properly will increase the immunity.
Is it necessary to vaccinate my baby?
Influenza vaccines belong to the second category of self-funded vaccines, which can reduce the chance of flu infection or reduce the symptoms of flu. Infants and children over 6 months without vaccine contraindications can be vaccinated 1-2 months before the peak of the flu epidemic, which can play a more effective role in protecting the vaccine.
Caring for flu baby tips
Most flu patients have a good prognosis with symptomatic and antiviral treatment by the doctor, and the course of the disease is usually about 1 week. Pay attention to rest at home, encourage your baby to drink more water, you can feed some digestible liquid food and other routine care. At the same time, parents should pay attention to the isolation measures of children to avoid cross infection.
During the flu, parents should take care to avoid the abuse of antibiotics. Dr. King suggested that parents should take their baby to the hospital for treatment in time and make sure it is not flu. If it is flu, give antiviral medication as soon as possible to shorten its course and reduce complications. Those with a clear bacterial infection may take antibiotics under the guidance of a doctor.