[Women's health] Premature birth can be traced, early detection is the key
What is premature birth? Premature births are produced by pregnant women between 26 and 37 weeks. Newborn babies born at this time are called premature babies and weigh between 1500 and 2499 grams. According to statistics from relevant agencies, premature birth in China accounts for 5% to 15% of total births, and about 80% of premature babies die during the neonatal period. The sooner the baby is born, the more problems it faces.
Uterine contraction is the most obvious sign of premature birth
The uterus is usually relaxed during pregnancy. During the second trimester, the uterus may contract 3 to 5 times a day. At this time, the pregnant woman will feel stiff, but if the uterine contraction is too frequent, it may even reach every hour. At least 3 times, you need to pay attention. In addition, if you have lower abdomen, lower back soreness, obvious falling sensation, compression or bleeding of the vulva, water breakage, etc., you should seek medical treatment immediately.
Because 70% to 80% of preterm births are of unknown cause, once abnormal uterine contractions are found, bed rest should be taken immediately. If the rest is not useful, the uterus will still contract abnormally, or even contract every 10 minutes. In the hospital, doctors take necessary measures, including taking medicine to sterilize or drip.
Pregnant women's fatigue is most likely to cause premature birth
Experts also emphasize that to prevent premature birth, the most important thing is that expectant mothers must find time to rest at any time, and do not let themselves be too tired. Modern people are busy, work under pressure, and often work overtime to stay up all night. Many premature births are caused by the fatigue of pregnant women. Therefore, pregnant women should pay attention to their physical conditions at all times and seek medical treatment as soon as possible if they have any discomfort.
1500 grams is the bottom line for fetal weight
A 36-week-old baby weighing 2000 grams is almost no different from a full-term baby at 28 weeks and weighing less than 1500 grams, while the latter may have to fight death and struggle on the edge of life and death.
Generally speaking, if the weight is less than 1500 grams, it is very low weight. For premature babies, the number of weeks of birth may be only one or two weeks, but the physical conditions are very different.
Problems facing premature babies
Premature babies face more problems and struggling to survive than normal full-term babies. They are survival problems at birth, mainly breathing, heartbeat, water maintenance, and nutrient absorption.
If premature babies can survive the difficulties and survive independently, they may face long-term sequelae on the way to future growth, such as chronic lung diseases, limb disorders caused by brain damage, stunting, and retinal pathological changes in the eyes. As a family, it is a long-term burden. Not only does it take more time, energy, and money to look after the child, it also has a lot of mental stress.
Premature birth prevention is the most important
Everyone hopes that their baby will be born in full term and healthy, so it is important for pregnant mothers to take timely precautionary measures to detect signs of premature birth early.
1. Regular prenatal check-ups, guide health during pregnancy, actively treat genitourinary tract infections, and control sexual life in the third trimester to prevent premature rupture of the membranes.
2. Strengthen the management of high-risk pregnancy, actively treat complications of pregnancy and complications, and prevent premature rupture of membranes and subclinical infections.
3. Intracervical sag, those undergoing intracervical cerclage at 14 to 18 weeks of pregnancy.
It can be seen that premature birth is focused on prevention and there are signs to follow. Uterine contraction is one of the signs of premature birth. Early detection of premature birth signs can help your baby be born smoothly.
Source: Zhejiang Health Publicity and Education Center